Publications By Year

Peer Reviewed Journals



  1. M. Kuriakose, Skotak,  M, Misistia,  A, Kahali S, Sundaramurthy A, Chandra N "Tailoring the Blast Exposure Conditions in the Shock Tube for Generating Pure, Primary Shock Waves: The End Plate Facilitates Elimination of Secondary Loading of the Specimen." PLoS ONE 11(9): e0161597. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161597 (2016). Link
  2. V. Mishra, M. Skotak, H. Schuetz, A. Heller, J. Haorah, N. Chandra, "Primary blast causes mild, moderate, severe and lethal TBI with increasing blast overpressures: Experimental rat injury model", Nature-Scientific Reports, 6, 26992 (2016). Link
  3. S. Ganpule, R. Salzar, B. Perry and N. Chandra, "Role of helmets in blast mitigation: insights from experiments on PMHS surrogate, International Journal of Experimental and Computational Biomechanics", in print (2016).  Link
  4. Y Qiu, Y Wang, Y Xu, N Chandra, J Haorah, B Hubbi, BJ Pfister, X Liu, "Quantitative optical coherence elastography based on fiber-optic probe for in situ measurement of tissue mechanical properties", Biomedical optics express 7 (2), 688-700 (2016).  Link
  5. Y. Qiu, F. Zaki, N. Chandra, S. Chester and X. Liu, "Quantitative optical coherence elastography for the measurement of nonlinear elasticity," Biomed. Opt. Express. Under review. (2016). Link


  1. PM Abdul-Muneer, BJ Pfister, J Haorah, N Chandra, “Role of matrix metalloproteinases in the pathogenesis of traumatic brain injury,” Molecular neurobiology, 1-18, (2015).  Link


  1. F. Wang, R. Franco, M. Skotak, G. Hu, N. Chandra, "Mechanical stretch exacerbates the cell death in SH-SY5Y cells exposed to paraquat: mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress", Neurotoxicology 46, 54-63 (2014) Link 
  2. PM Abdul-Muneer, N. Chandra, J. Haorah, "Interactions of oxidative stress and neurovascular inflammation in the pathogenesis of traumatic brain injury", Molecular Neurobiology 1-14 (2014) Link
  3. J. Navarro-Yepes, L. Zavala-Flores, A. Anandhan, F. Wang, M. Skotak, N. Chandra, M. Li, A. Pappa, D. Martinez-Fong, L. M. Del Razo, B. Quintanilla-Vega, R. Franco, "Antioxidant gene therapy against neuronal cell death", Pharmacology & Therapeutics 142, 206-230 (2014) Link 
  4. A. Sundaramurthy and N. Chandra, "A Parametric Approach to Shape Field-Relevant Blast Wave Profiles in Compressed-Gas-Driven Shock Tube", Frontiers in Neurology 5, 253 (2014) Link | pdf​


  1. V. Selvan, S. Ganpule, N. Kleinschmidt and N. Chandra, "Blast Wave Loading Pathways in Heterogeneous Materials Systems-Experimental and Numerical Approach", Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 135, 061002-1-14 (2013) Link | pdf
  2. P.M. Abdul Muneer, H. Schuetz, F. Wang, M. Skotak, J. Jones, S. Gorantla, M. C. Zimmerman, N. Chandra, and J. Haorah, "Induction of Oxidative and Nitrosative damage leads to Cerebrovascular Inflammation in Animal Model of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Induced by Primary Blast", Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 60, 282-291 (2013) Link | pdf
  3. M. Skotak, F. Wang, A. Alai, A. Holmberg, S. Harris, R.C. Switzer III, and N. Chandra, "Rat injury model under controlled field-relevant primary blast conditions: Acute response to a wide range of peak overpressures", Journal of Neurotrauma30, 1147-1160 (2013) Link | pdf
  4. S. Ganpule, A. Alai, E. Plougonven, and N. Chandra, "Mechanics of Blast Loadings on the Head Models in the Study of Traumatic Brain Injury Using Experimental and Computational Approaches", Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 12, 511-531 (2013) Link | pdf


  1. N. Chandra, S. Ganpule, N.N. Kleinschmit, R. Feng, A.D. Holmberg, A. Sundaramurthy, V. Selvan, A. Alai, "Evolution of Blast Wave Profiles in Simulated Air Blasts: Experiment and Computational Modeling", Shock Waves: An international journal on shock waves, detonation and explosions, 22, 403-415 (2012) Link | pdf
  2. A. Sundaramurthy, A. Alai, S. Ganpule, A. Holmberg, E. Plougonven and N. Chandra, "Blast-Induced Biomechanical Loading of the Rat: An Experimental and Anatomically Accurate Computational Blast Injury Model", Journal of Neurotrauma, 29, 2352-2364 (2012) Link | pdf
  3. M. Skotak, F. Wang, and N. Chandra, "An in-vitro model for SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell: Effect of strain and strain rate", Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 205, 159-168 (2012) Link | pdf
  4. L. Gu, M.S. Chafi, S. Ganpule, and N. Chandra, "The influence of heterogeneous meninges on the brain mechanics under primary blast loading", Composites, Part B: Engineering, 43, 3160-3166 (2012) Link | pdf


  1. S. Ganpule, L, Gu, A. Alai and N. Chandra, "Role of helmet in the mechanics of shock wave propagation under blast loading conditions", Computer methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 15, 1233-1244 (2011) Link | pdf
  2. S. Ganpule, L. Gu, M.S. Chafi, and N. Chandra, "Dynamic response of brain subjected to blast loadings: Influence of frequency ranges", International Journal of Applied Mechanics 3, 803-823 (2011) Link | pdf
  3. G. Cao and N. Chandra, "Evaluating the Biological Cell Properties Using Dynamic Indentation Method", Physical Review E, 81, 021924, 1-9, (2010) Link | pdf​



  1. N. Chandra, A. Holmberg, and R. Feng, "Controlling the shape of the shock wave profile in a blast facility", U.S. Provisional patent application no. 61542354, Oct. 3, 2011

Conference proceedings


  1. M. Skotak, F. Wang and N. Chandra, "In vivo acute pathophysiology rodent model of primary blast injury", Journal of Neurotrauma, 29, A67-A68 (2012). The 30th Annual National Neurotrauma Symposium, July 22-25, 2012, Phoenix, AZ Link | pdf
  2. F. Wang, M. Skotak and N. Chandra, "An in vitro injury model for SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells: effect of strain and strain rate", Journal of Neurotrauma, 29, A77-A77 (2012). The 30th Annual National Neurotrauma Symposium, July 22-25, 2012, Phoenix, AZ Link | pdf
  3. N. Chandra and R. Gupta, "Shock loading-induced Traumatic Brain Injuries in animal models - experimental and computational studies". The 30th Annual National Neurotrauma Symposium, The 9th World Congress on Brain Injury International Brain Injury Association, March 21-25, 2012, Edinburgh, Scotland  pdf


  1. G. Cao, Y. Zhou, J. S. Lee, J. Y. Lim, N. Chandra, "Mechanical model of neuronal function loss", Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (IMECE2010), November 12-18, 2010, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Link | pdf
  2. G. Cao, Y. Zhou, J. S. Lee, J. Y. Lim, N. Chandra, "Computational simulation of the deformation of neuronal cells", Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (IMECE2010), November 12-18, 2010, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Link | pdf
  3. S. Ganpule, L. Gu, N. Chandra, " Modeling shock response of helmeted head using fluid structure interaction", 16th US National Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, June 27 - July 2, 2010, State College, PA  pdf
  4. M. Nienaber, J.S. Lee, R. Feng, J. Y. Lim, "Impulsive Pressurization of Neuronal Cells", 47th Annual Technical Meeting of Society of Engineering Science, October 3-6, 2010, Ames, IA  pdf
  5. J. S. Lee, M. Nienaber, R. Feng, J. Y. Lim, "A Kolsky Bar Technique for Impulsive Fluid Pressurization", BMES Annual Conference & Exposition, October 6-9, 2010, Austin, TX  pdf
  6. M. Nienaber, J.G. Vogeler, R. Feng, "A Kolsky Bar Technique for Impulsive Fluid Pressurization", SEM Annual Conference & Exposition, June 7-10, 2010, Indianapolis, IN Link | pdf
  7. S.G.M. Hossain, C.A. Nelson, E. Sogbesan, T. Boulet, M. Arnoult, L. Zhang, A. Holmberg, J. Hein, N. Kleinschmit, "Material Modeling and Development of a Realistic Dummy Head for Testing Blast Induced Traumatic Brain Injury", IV European Conference on Computational Mechanics, May 16-21, 2010, Palais des Congres, Paris, France Paper | Presentation


  1. G. Cao, N. Chandra, "Evaluating the Mechanical Behavior of a Cell Based on AFM indentation", 3rd International Conference on Mechanics of Biomaterials and Tissues, December 13-17, 2009, Clearwater Beach, FL  pdf
  2. G. Cao, N. Chandra, "Substrate effect on Dynamic Indentation Measurement of Biological Cell Properties", MRS Spring Meeting, April 13-17, 2009, San Francisco, CA  pdf
  3. S. Ganpule, L. Gu, G. Cao, N. Chandra, "The Effect of Shock Wave on a Human Head", Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (IMECE2009), November 13-19, 2009, Lake Buena Vista, FL Link | pdf
  4. S. Ganpule, L. Gu, G. Cao, N. Chandra, "Computational Modeling of Human Head Under Blast Loading", 10th US National Congress on Computational Mechanics, July 16-19, 2009, Columbus, OH  pdf