Title and Abstract

Title: Space Weather: What It Is, Why It's Important

Abstract: Since the development of the electrical telegraph in the 1840s, space weather processes have affected the design, implementation, and operation of many engineered systems, at first on Earth… and now in space. As the complexities of engineered systems increase, as new technologies are invented and employed, and as humans have ventured beyond Earth’s surface, both human-built systems and humans themselves become more susceptible to the effects of Earth's solar and space environment.